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Class Activities

First Week  
Activity Date: 1/12/2016

GATE Lessons and Activities

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Medieval Music

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DEeAN471boQ

 

Websites/Videos

Resource - http://mrgrayhistory.wikispaces.com/UNIT+7+-+LATER+MIDDLE+AGES

 http://www.learner.org/interactives/middleages/feudal.html

http://westernreservepublicmedia.org/middleages/feud_feudalw.htmThe Middle Ages in 3 1/2 Minutes - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6EAMqKUimr8 

Resources:

The Middle Ages, Teacher Created Resources, #4454 - Medieval Times

The Usborne Internet-Linked MEDIEVAL WORLD, Scholastic, Bingham, J.,  2005

Civilization of the Past - Medieval Times, Edgar, F., Lee, G., Mark Twain Media, Inc., 2012

 

 

      https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/5b/3a/fd/5b3afd71ed10a4eed818c347b9235063.jpg

demagogue |ˈdeməˌgägnoun - a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument.• (in ancient Greece and Rome) a leader or orator who espoused the cause of the common people.


Architecture  
Activity Date: 1/25/2015

 Lesson One

eiffel tower cartoon images

 

A R C H I T E C T U R E

 

Essential Understanding:  Cultural influence on architecture lead to distinct styles during time periods.

Essential Question 1:  How does culture influence architecture styles during certain time periods?  

WOW

architecture

Definition:  Architecture is the study of design and the construction of buildings, bridges, and other structures.

TOW

"As an architect you design for the present with an awareness of the past for a future which is essentially unknown."

                                                                                                                    Norman Foster

Architecture Tab - Make a tab for your notebook if you do not have one already.

 Share Circle:  What do you know about architecture?  Share your WOW and TOW responses.

Introduction to Architecture - Answer the four questions with your own ideas, opinions, and base knowledge.  You may use the Internet for #3 and #4 if you would like. 

Architectural Details - Arches, Columns, Dormers, Roofs, and Windows!

Who knew there were so many different types?  I WONDER where did they all come from?  We will review the different types together. Think of buildings you have seen with these details.  Are there any in Wetumpka?  Please keep in your notebook for future reference. 

   Marina Building, Chicago, IL

 

Japan Product Research - The remainder of class will be used for research on your product and teacher help with any questions or suggestions you may have. 

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Lesson Two

POW

  Get the POW out of the folder and complete.  Put in your notebook behind the POW tab. 

 

Japan Presentation Day!

 

Get your presentation ready at your seat.

  Make sure everything is ready when you are called to present.

Give me any media files that need to be shown on the projector. 

   Make sure your name is on the device.

Have your learning contract ready to turn in before you present.

  Make sure it is completed.

 

We will follow presentation etiquette:

       Audience:  Respectfully listen to the presenter.  Do not interrupt or distract others from listening.  Presenters will answer questions at the end.
    Presenter:  Stand up straight and try not to "fidget." Introduce yourself and your topic at the beginning.  Make eye contact with your audience.  Speak loudly and clearly. Have fun and be excited about your topic and your audience will too!

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Lesson Three

Essential Understanding: 

Cultural influence on architecture lead to distinct styles during time periods.

WOW

design (noun)

Definition:  an outline, sketch, or plan, as of the form and structure of a work of art, an edifice, or a machine to be executed or constructed.  Write a sentence using "design" with eight or more words.  Include context clues to refer to the WOW.

 

TOW

"I know the price of success: dedication, hard work, and unremitting devotion to the things you want to see happen."               

                                                                                                                Frank Lloyd Wright

POW

Get the POW from the folder.  Use the word bank of architectural terms to complete the sheet.  Choose words you think will most likely complete each sentence.  Use conext clues and base knowledge to choose the word that will most likely complete each sentence.

Share Circle

 

Essential Question #1: How does culture influence architecture styles during certain time periods?  

 

Scaffolding Question #1  What is architecture and what are some words associated with architecture?

 In our class discussions last week students came up with the following words associated with "architecture."

 

building        design        stucture       for people        purpose

 

     Students listed the following for purpose of architecture:

 

live       worship       entertainment      training     health treatment    work       storage     sports   recreation    government         shop         beauty services      farming   animals 

 

Bill Nye Architecture - Watch the video closely.  You find answers to the POW in the video. Change any sentences that need the correct achitectural term.  We will check together after the video.

Bill Nye - Architecture - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RxOHKbMYcpE

 

 _Lesson Four ____________________________________________

 

WOW

sociocultural (adjective)

Definition: relating to, or involving a combination of social and cultural factors

 

TOW

"All knowledge of cultural reality is always knowledge from particular points of view."

                                                                            Max Weber

Write about what you think Mr. Weber means by cultural reality being from specific points of view. (No slacking!)

POW

Complete the both sides of the POW and be ready to check together.  Use your brain POWER!!!! 

Share Circle

 

Essential Understanding:  Cultural influence on architecture lead to distinct styles during time periods.

Essential Question 1:  How does culture influence architecture styles during certain time periods?  

Great differences, as well as startling similarities, can be seen when comparing world cultures.  People around the globe are similar in their essential humanity: we communicate with each other, we sustain ourselves with food, and when we sleep we often dream.  Yet we speak different languages, eat different foods, and dream different dreams. These are what we call cultural differences.

Culture can be the totality of what a group of people think, how they behave, and what they produce that is passed on to future generations.  Culture is what binds us together as human beings but also separates us into our different communities.  

In today's world, understand both our similarities and our diversity becomes increasingly important so that we are prepared to live in an ever-shrinking global community.

Here is a bar graph of what our world would look like if there were only 100 people.  It helps illustrate some similarities and differences in our culture compared to the rest of the world.

     

 Cultures build according to many different influences.  What are influences you think might affect how, what, and where a culture builds? What would influence a cultures' choice of design?

TOWERS

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/skyscraper/basics.html

 

CHALLENGE

    We will complete a group tower challenge.  You will design and construct a tower made with two supplies.  Build it as tall as possible using the supplies you have available. You will work together and revise constantly. 

But first  . . . 

Complete the lab plan sheet! Yes, you will develop a plan before you start.  Your group may (and probably will) change the plan as you go and that's perfectly okay in fact, it's best if this does happen. Why?

CONSTRAINTS:

You may use only the supplies provided.

You have 50 index cards.

You have 24 inches of tape.

You may cut or tear the cards.

You do not get extra supplies if you run out.

You will have 25 minutes to build.

The group will also complete a lab sheet at the end of the challenge.

We will have a group discussion when lab sheets are completed.

You will put the plan sheet and the lab sheet in your notebook behind the architecture tab.

 

LESSON FIVE                                                                                           

WOW

gargoyle (noun) 

DEFINITION:  a carved human or animal face or figure projecting from the gutter of a building, typically acting as a spout to carry water clear of a wall.

 

FYI - You do not "get" to write this down. :) In architecture, a gargoyle is a carved stone usually made of granite, with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between. Architects often used multiple gargoyles on buildings to divide the flow of rainwater off the roof to minimize the potential damage from a rainstorm. A trough is cut in the back of the gargoyle and rainwater typically exits through the open mouth. Gargoyles are usually an elongated fantastic animal because the length of the gargoyle determines how far water is thrown from the wall. When Gothic flying buttresses were used, aqueducts were sometimes cut into the buttress to divert water over the aisle walls.

 

TOW

 "Be silly. Be Honest. Be Kind."

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Do you agree or disagree with this quote?  Why do you think Mr. Emerson advises to be silly?  Write a few sentences explaining your opinion.

 

POW

Two POW's this week. 1. Complete the closing page of your lab sheet from last week's tower challenge. Be very thorough!  2.  Architectural styles sheet in the POW folder.  Make sure you complete everything and be ready to discuss in our share circle!  Focus!! :)

 

Share Circle 

Scaffolding Question #1  What is architecture and what are some words associated with architecture?  We will add to our architecture vocabulary with this lesson!

 

 

 

 

Architecture Through the Ages

How did the world's great buildings evolve? Let's trace the history of architecture in the cultures of the Western world, beginning with the first known structures made by humans up to the soaring skyscrapers of the modern era.

This quick review illustrates how each new movement builds on the one before. Although our timeline lists dates, historic periods do not start and stop at precise points on a calendar. Periods and styles flow together, sometimes merging contradictory ideas, sometimes inventing new approaches, and often re-awakening and re-inventing older movements. Dates are always approximate: Architecture is a fluid art.

 

Architectural Timeline

Architecture in Prehistoric Times
Before recorded history, humans constructed earthen mounds, stone circles, megaliths, and structures that often puzzle modern-day archaeologists. Prehistoric architecture includes monumental structures such as Stonehenge, cliff dwellings in the Americas, and thatch and mud structures lost to time.

                                                  

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Ancient Egypt
3,050 BC to 900 BC In ancient Egypt, powerful rulers constructed monumental pyramids, temples, and shrines. Far from primitive, enormous structures such as the Pyramids of Giza were feats of engineering capable of reaching great heights.

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Classical
850 BC to 476 AD From the rise of ancient Greece until the fall of the Roman empire, great buildings were constructed according to precise rules. The Classical Orders, which defined column styles and entablature designs, continue to influence building design in modern times.

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Byzantine
527 to 565 AD. After Constantine moved the capital of the Roman empire to Byzantium (now called Istanbul) in 330 AD, Roman architecture evolved into a graceful, classically-inspired style that used brick instead of stone, domed roofs, elaborate mosaics, and classical forms. Emperor Justinian (527 AD to 565 AD) led the way.

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Romanesque
800 to 1200 AD
As Rome spread across Europe, heavier, stocky Romanesque architecture with rounded arches emerged. Churches and castles of the early Medieval period were constructed with thick walls and heavy piers.

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Gothic Architecture
1100 to 1450 AD
Pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and other innovations led to taller, more graceful architecture. Gothic ideas gave rise to magnificient cathedrals like Chartres and Notre Dame.

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Renaissance Architecture
1400 to 1600 AD A return to classical ideas ushered an "age of awakening" in Italy, France, and England. Andrea Palladio and other builders looked the classical orders of ancient Greece and Rome. Long after the Renaissance era ended, architects in the Western world found inspiration in the beautifully proportioned architecture of the period.

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Baroque Architecture
1600 to 1830 AD In Italy, the Baroque style is reflected in opulent and dramatic churches with irregular shapes and extravagant ornamentation. In France, the highly ornamented Baroque style combines with Classical restraint. Russian aristocrats were impressed by Versailles in France, and incorporated Baroque ideas in the building of St. Petersburg. Elements of the elaborate Baroque style are found throughout Europe.

 

 

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Rococo Architecture
1650 to 1790 AD During the last phase of the Baroque period, builders constructed graceful white buildings with sweeping curves. These Rococo buildings are elegantly decorated with scrolls, vines, shell-shapes, and delicate geometric patterns.

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Neoclassicism in Architecture
1730 to 1925 AD A keen interest in ideas of Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio inspired a return of classical shapes in Europe, Great Britain and the United States. These buildings were proportioned according to the classical orders with details borrowed from ancient Greece and Rome.

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Art Nouveau Architecture
1890 to 1914 AD Known as the New Style, Art Nouveau was first expressed in fabrics and graphic design. The style spread to architecture and furniture in the 1890s. Art Nouveau buildings often have asymmetrical shapes, arches and decorative surfaces with curved, plant-like designs.

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Beaux Arts Architecture
1895 to 1925 AD Also known as Beaux Arts Classicism, Academic Classicism, or Classical Revival, Beaux Arts architecture is characterized by order, symmetry, formal design, grandiosity, and elaborate ornamentation.

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Neo-Gothic Architecture 1905 to 1930 AD In the early twentieth century, Gothic ideas were applied to modern buildings. Gargoyles, arched windows, and other medieval details ornamented soaring skyscrapers.

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Art Deco Architecture 1925 to 1937 AD Zigzag patterns and vertical lines create dramatic effect on jazz-age, Art Deco buildings. Interestingly, many Art Deco motifs were inspired by the architecture of ancient Egypt.

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Modernist Styles in Architecture 1900 to Present. The 20th and 21st centuries have seen dramatic changes and astonishing diversity. Modern-day trends include Art Moderne and the Bauhaus school coined by Walter Gropius, Deconstructivism, Formalism, Modernism, and Structuralism.

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Postmodernism in Architecture 1972 to Present. A reaction against the Modernist approaches gave rise to new buildings that re-invented historical details and familiar motifs. Look closely at these architectural movements and you are likely to find ideas that date back to classical and ancient times.

                   

Next Tower Challenge

We will complete a group tower challenge.  You will design and construct a tower made with four supplies.  Build it as tall as possible using the supplies you have available. You will work together and revise constantly. 

But first  . . . 

Complete the lab plan sheet in 10 minutes! Yes, you will develop a plan before you start just like last week.

 

CONSTRAINTS:

You may use only the supplies provided.

You have 20 sticks of spaghetti

You have 36 inches of tape.

You will have one large marshmellow that must be placed on top of the structure.

You have 36 inches of string.

You may cut the spaghetti, string, and tape.

You do not get extra supplies if you run out.

You will have 25 minutes to build.


I will measure your tower when the lab sheet is completed. Present your tower to the class. Tell us how your team came up with the design and about the process of building.
 

You will put the lab sheet in your notebook behind the architecture tab.

 

LESSON SIX                                                                                          

BEFORE YOU BEGIN:

Read the entire lesson before you begin writing!  This will help get your brain ready for the topics and concepts we will talk about today!

 

 WOW

vernacular architecture (noun)

DEFINITION: a category of architecture based on local needs, construction materials and reflecting local traditions.

Create a sentence using eight words or more including the WOW.  Don't forget to use context clues referring to the meaning of the word.

TOW

"Architecture begins where engineering ends."

 

                                                                                                      Walter Gropius

Write a few sentences giving your opinion on how architecture could "begin" where engineering ends.

 

POW

Two POW's this week. 1. Complete the closing page of your lab sheet from last week's spaghetti tower challenge. Record as much information about the challenge as you can.  2.  Architectural styles sheet in the POW folder.  Use what you have learned so far to complete the activities!

Share Circle

SQ #2: 

What is architectural style? What are three distinct architectural styles?

 

Discussion Questions:

How would you define architectural style?

How would you compare architectural style to clothing style?

What would be the result if there was no style in architecture?

How would you explain the reason that architectural style exists?

What is the most important resons why we should study architectural style?

Look over last week's architectural timeline of styles.  Choose one style that interest you.  Write the name of the style and time period on a sheet of paper. Research to find three interesting facts about the style. Be prepared to share with the class and place this sheet behind the architecture tab of your notebook.

 

Third Tower Challenge

 

You will design and construct a tower made with two supplies.  Build it as tall as possible using the supplies you have available. You will work together and revise constantly. 

 

But first  . . . 

 

Complete the lab plan sheet in 10 minutes! Yes, you will develop a plan before you start just like last week.  Use your plan sheets from the past two challenges.  What problems did you encounter regarding stability, bases, materials?  How were the problems corrected?  How did you communicate with your group?  How will you improve the communication in this challenge?

 

CONSTRAINTS:

 

You may use only the supplies provided.

 

You have 100 round toothpicks.

 

You have one container of play dough.

 

You do not get extra supplies if you run out.

 

You will have 25 minutes to build.

 

I will measure your tower when the lab sheet is completed. Present your tower to the class. Tell us how your team came up with the design and about the process of building. 

 

You will put the lab sheet in your notebook behind the architecture tab.

 LESSON SEVEN                                                                                      

 

BEFORE YOU BEGIN:

Read the entire lesson before you begin writing!  This will help get your brain ready for the topics and concepts we will talk about today!

 

 

WOW #1

architect (noun)

Definition:  a person professionally engaged in the design of certain large constructions of buildings and other structures (landscape architect; naval architect); the deviser, maker, or creator of anything

 

WOW #2

engineer (noun)

Definition: a person trained in the art or science of making practical application of the knowledge of pure sciences, as physics or chemistry, as in the construction of engines, bridges, buildings, mines, ships, and chemical plants.

Create a sentence using eight words or more including the WOW for each word.  Don't forget to use context clues referring to the meaning of the word. You may write one sentence to include both words if you want a challenge! ;)

POW

This week's POW will be different and take a little more time.  Do your best!  Get the "Name that Architect" sheet from the POW folder.  Choose one of the architects and follow the directions for information to find about that person.

 

Mies van der Rohe                                Le Corbusier                           Eero Saarinen

Louis Kahn                                            I. M. Pei                                  Michael Graves

Richard Mieier                                      Richard Rogers                       Norman Foster

Renzo Piano                                         Frank Lloyd Wright

 

Share Circle

Everyone will share WOW sentences and tell use about the architect you chose for the POW. 

 

All About that Building!

In order to prepare for our Lego build, we will begin discovering background information.  Choose a structure you would like to know more about.  Complete the information sheet using resources on the Internet and books available in our room.  You will read more about the building and its architect than you actually record on the research sheet.  This is a very important step in growing your understanding so don't SKIP it! 

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum          Leaning Tower of Pisa               Empire State Building

Effiel Tower                                             United Nations Headquarters    Fallingwater

Lincoln Memorial                                     Brandenburge Gate                    Big Ben

The White House                                     Imperial Hotel, Tokyo                Sydney Opera House

Seattle Space Needle                             

LESSON EIGHT                                                                                                              

Everyone has chosen their first stucture for the Lego architectural build challenge.  All research will be completed and checked by me before the kits will be handed out. 

 

 

 

 

 

LESSON NINE                                                                                                         

      

 WOW

bridge (noun)

A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. There are many different designs that all serve unique purposes and apply to different situations. Bridges may be classified by how the forces of tension, compression, bending, torsion and shear are distributed through their structure.

 

Write a WOW sentence in the usual format. 


TOW

 

Figuratively speaking, what do you think Sir Isaac Newton meant by this quote?  Write a few sentences to explain your opinion and give a real-life example.

 

POW

 Complete both sides of the POW in the folder.  A word will be given and you will need to create three questions for which that word would be the answer.  The fourth question will be one that only the word given can be the answer!

Example:

Answer:  milk  

Questions:

1. How do babies grow strong?

2. What has vitamins A and D?

3. What can help people have a rosy complexion?

4. What is served in our school lunchroom every day and comes in three different flavors?

 

SHARE CIRCLE

LESSON

 

Now we will start a STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathmatics) Challange.  This activity will take two-three weeks to complete.  It is very important to follow instructions carefully and completely.  It is also important to take care of your materials - before, during, and after each lesson.  We will stop 15 minutes before the end of each class to gather and store supplies and clean up work areas.

STEM Popsicle Bridge Building Challenge-  Step-by-Step Tutorial  

 

 Outline of Today's Lesson

  •  Build background knowledge of bridge concepts such as tension, compression, and the three basic types of bridges; beam, arch, and suspension.
  • Complete a tension and compression demonstration.
  • Complete the Bridge Building Challenge information sheet and place in your notebook.
  • Use graph paper to create a design and plan for your bridge and place in your notebook. 

              Requirements to consider while you plan:  Build a beam bridge with a budget of $1,500.  The bridge must have a minimum 10" x 4" road bed, two sides measuring 10" x 4" minimum, and a top cover of 4"x 4" minimum.  The bridge must be able to support 5 lbs. of stress.

Popsicle Sticks = $20 each                     Cups of Glue = $65 each

                  1.  Draft a design/plan using graph paper, ruler, and one free popsicle stick.

                  2.  Get draft approved by teacher.

                  3.  Outline draft with marker and cover with wax paper. 

                       Write your name on your wax paper and your draft.

 Next week:

                 4.  Buy materials.

                 5.  Build!  Start with the bottom, then sides, then top.

                 6. Test.

 (Some of these steps may be completed in the next class if we run out of time.)

 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

LESSON TEN                                                                                                                                                        

 

WOW

load (noun)

Definition:  anything put in or on something for conveyance or transportation; freight; cargo:

Write a WOW sentence in the usual format. 

 

TOW

 

Write a few sentences in response to this TOW.  How can a challenge change you? 

POW

  Complete the personification sheet.  Be sure to use your imagination!!  

Share Circle

Bridge Challenege - Continued

 

This lesson will start where you left off last class.  Plans on graph papers should be completed, labeled, traced in marker, approved by the teacher, and covered in wax paper before you begin.

Requirements:

 

The bridge must have a minimum 10" x 4" road bed, two sides measuring 10" x 4" minimum, and a top cover of 4"x 4" minimum.  The bridge must be able to support a minimum of 5 lbs. of stress.

 

Popsicle Sticks = $20 each                     Cups of Glue = $65 each

Each student will receive a "wallet" with $1,500.  Popsicle sticks and glue will be purchased according to an estimate of supplies needed from your plans.  You may purchase more as needed.  Remember that you must stay within your budget. 

Construct each of the four sides of your bridge.  Complete one part before beginning the next.  You choose which order to complete the sides.  After all sides are completed and dried, you will assemble to complete the bridge.  We will test the bridge during the next class after the glue has had time to thoroughly dry.  

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LESSON ELEVEN

WOW

acqueduct (noun)

DEFINITION: an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns across a valley

 TOW 

 

Write a few sentences giving examples of how this quote could be true.  Try to think of a positive and negative example. 

POW

Complete both sides of the POW. Read directions carefully!  

Share Circle

Lesson - Popsicle Stick Bridges Continued

This lesson will start where you left off last class.  Plans on graph papers should be completed, labeled, traced in marker, approved by the teacher, and covered in wax paper before you begin.  See Lesson Ten to review requirements. All bridges should be completed today so that the weight test can be done next week.

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Lesson Twelve 

WOW

farewell (noun)

Definition: goodbye; may you fare well: Farewell, and may we meet again in happier times.

TOW

"How lucky I am to have something that makes saying goodbye so hard."

 

                                                                                      Pooh Bear :)

                                                                           

POW

Write a note to me.  Tell me about at least THREE things that you learned while in GATE.  

SHARE CIRCLE

ORGANIZE NOTEBOOKS

5TH GRADE - Get notebooks organized (papers in proper place) for next year.

6TH GRADE - Get notebooks organized (papers in proper place) to take home with you today.

Collect Art and Class Work

I will pass out all work that I have.  Put this work in the proper place in your notebook.  We will take down the art work in the hall.  I will call each student to gather work to take home.

BRIDGE CHALLENGE!

Everyone gather in a share circle and leave room in the middle for two chairs.  We will measure each bridge to see if the size requirements were met.  Each bridge will then be placed on the chairs and a 5 pound weight will be placed in the middle of the bridge.  All bridges passing these two tests will move to the next stage.  Your expense accounts will be totalled to see which architect met all requirements and came in under budget!!  Good luck, everyone!

 

 

 

 

 

“Wisdom is not a product of schooling but of the lifelong attempt to acquire it.”

 

~ Albert Einstein

Resources

Architecture Vocabulary - http://www.libraryweb.org/rochimag/architecture/vocabulary.htm

Building Big PBS Interactive - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/

Fact Monster - http://www.factmonster.com

Architecture Books/Videos - http://www.carolhurst.com/subjects/buildings.html

Newspaper Build - http://pbskids.org/designsquad/video/

I-Beam Build - http://pbskids.org/designsquad/video/

Bill Nye - Architecture - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RxOHKbMYcpE

Falling Water - Frank Lloyd Wright - http://vimeo.com/802540 

One Point Perspective - http://thehelpfulartteacher.blogspot.com/2010/12/perspective-drawing-101drawing-house.html

 Perspective II -http://www.olejarz.com/arted/perspective/index.html

History - Timeline http://architecture.about.com/od/buildingparts/fl/House-Style-of-the-Future-Parametricism.htm

Build an Arch - http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/launch_ani_build_arch.shtml

Video - Treasures of New York - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E4JP78rfzgk

Build it Big - Bridges https://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=bridges&N=4294938968&N=4294939055

How Stuff Works - 3 types of bridges http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/videos/engineering/bridgebuilding.html